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2002年度欧州造船政策動向調査

 事業名 造船関連海外情報収集及び海外業務協力事業
 団体名 シップ・アンド・オーシャン財団  


2.3. Cost investigations
2.3.1. Update of previous cost investigations
In line with previous reports, this report contains an update of all previous cost investigations undertaken by the Commission within its market monitoring exercise.
The methodology of these cost investigations has been described in the first two shipbuilding reports and is not repeated here. The approach is continuously refined and results appear to be very close to the real situation.
As shipbuilding projects take significant time to be completed, and actual costs may change until delivery of the vessel, the cost investigations have to be based on forward assumptions. These assumptions are continuously reviewed and results are updated whenever new or better information is received. This is reflected in the table below. The reference to the shipbuilding report in which the particular order is covered should be used to see the details of the order investigated. As the Commission's market monitoring progresses, ship orders previously investigated and now completed can serve to verify the cost modelling. So far, none of the cost investigations has been found to deviate significantly from the factual costs of production.
 
The abbreviations used refer to the following Korean shipyards:
 
DHI: Daewoo Heavy Industries
 
DSME: Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering
 
HHI: Hyundai Heavy Industries
 
HMD: Hyundai Mipo Dockyard
 
HHIC: Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction
 
SHI: Samsung Heavy Industries
 
The shiptypes appear as listed by Lloyd's Register.
 
For container ships the container carrying capacity in TEU (Twenty-Foot-Equivalent-Unit) is indicated, with ships above 5000 TEU falling into the category of the so-called Post-Panamax container ships.
 
LNG carrier stands for Liquefied Natural Gas carrier.
 
ULCC stands for Ultra Large Crude oil Carrier, VLCC for Very Large Crude oil Carrier.
 
The terms Aframax, Suezmax, Panamax and Capesize indicate certain standard dimensions and specifications for tankers and bulk carriers, respectively.
 
Comparison of reported order prices and calculated construction prices for selected new shipbuilding contracts (update August 2002)
SHIPYARD SHIPTYPE OWNER CONTRACT
PRICE
(Mio. USD)
NORMAL
PRICE
(Mio. USD)
LOSS/GAIN
AS % OF
NORMAL
PRICE
REF. TO SHIP-
BUILDING
REPORT NO.
Daedong Product tanker Seaarland 21,5 25,7 -16% 1
Daedong Panamax bulk carrier Sanama 18,5 26,0 -29% 1
Daedong Chemical tanker Cogema 24,5 30,2 -19% 2
Daedong 2500 TEU EF Shipping 30,0 31,2 -4% 4
DHI VLCC Anangel 68,5 74,2 -8% 1
DHI Ferry Moby 74,3 88,4 -16% 2
DHI Panamax bulk
carrier
Chandris 22,5 22,8 -1% 2
DHI LNG carrier Bergesen 151,1 164,2 -8% 3
DHI ULCC Hellespont 85,0 93,7 -9% 4
DSME
(ex-DHI)
LNG carrier Exmar 162,0 169,2 -4% 5
Halla Panamax bulk
carrier
Diana 18,9 31,1 -39% 1
Halla 3500 TEU Detjen 38,0 53,0 -28% 1
Halla Capesize bulk carrier Cargocean 32,0 46,2 -31% 2
Samho
(ex-Halla)
Aframax oil
tanker
Chartworld
Shipping
33,5 41,5 -19% 4
Samho
(ex-Halla)
VLCC Oldendorif 69,5 90,9 -14% 5
Samho
(ex-Halla)
Suezmax oil tanker Thenmaris 43,0 55,4 -19% 5
HHI 6800 TEU P&O Nedlloyd 73,5 81,6 -10% 1
HHI 5600 TEU K Line 54,3 59,1 -8% 2
HHI LNG carrier Bonny Gas 165,0 176,8 -7% 2
HHI 5500 TEU Yang Ming 56,0 63,7 -13% 2
HHI Ferry Stena 70,0 88,2 -21% 4
HHI Suezmax oil
tanker
Jebsen 43,0 51,2 -16% 4
HHI 7200 TEU Hapag-Lloyd 72,0 79,5 -9% 3
HHI Suezmax oil
tanker
Athenian Sea Carriers 43,0 49,9 -14% 3
HHI LNG carrier Golar 162,6 178,4 -9% 5
HMD Cable layer Ozone 37,3 46,8 -20% 1
HMD Chemical tanker Bottiglieri 24,5 26,3 -7% 4
HHIC 6250 TEU Niederelbe 62,0 66,2 -6% 3
HHIC 5608 TEU Conti 58,0 61,0 -5% 3
HHIC 1200 TEU Rickmers 19,5 21,3 -8% 3
Il Heung Chemical tanker Naviera Quimica 10,5 13,0 -19% 2
SHI 5500 TEU Nordcapital 55,0 68,0 -19% 2
SHI 3400 TEU CP Offen 36,0 52,4 -31% 1
SHI Ferry Minoan 69,5 87,9 -21% 1
SHI 7400 TEU OOCL 79,7 91,5 -13% 4
SHI LNG carrier British Gas 162,5 176,5 -8% 5
SHI 5762 TEU CP Offen 55,5 66,7 -18% 5
Shina Product tanker Fratelli D'Amato 21,7 24,1 -10% 3
 
Since the fifth shipbuilding report seven new cost investigations have been undertaken.
 
These concern the following orders placed in South Korean yards:
 
- Capesize bulk carrier (series of 3 plus 1 option), 26250 cgt, to be built by HHl
 
- Product tanker (series of 6), 19200 cgt, to be built by HMD
 
- Product tanker (series of 3 plus 4 options), 24880 cgt, to be built by STX Shipbuilding Co. (ex-Daedong)
 
- Product tanker (series of 2 plus 2 options), 24879 cgt, to be built by STX
 
- Capesize bulk carrier (series of 2), 26250 cgt, to be built by Samho Heavy Industries (ex-Halla)
 
- 2500 TEU container ship (series of 5 plus 5 options), 18972 cgt, to be built by HHI
 
- Liquefied Product Gas carrier (LPG) (plus 1 option), 14521 cgt, to be built by STX
 
The results of these cost investigations are summarised below.
 
Comparison of reported order prices and calculated construction prices for selected new ships (new investigations)
SHIPYARD SHIPTYPE OWNER CONTRACT
PRICE
(Mio. USD)
NORMAL
PRICE
(Mio USD)

LOSS/GAIN
AS% OF
NORMAL
PRICE

HHI Capesize bulk carrier Golden Union 36,0 45,2 -20%
HMD Product tanker Schoeller 26,0 27,1 -4%
STX Product tanker Target Marine 25,5 28,7 -11%
STX Product tanker Byzantine Marine 29,5 36,0 -18%
Samho Capesize bulk carrier Marmaras 36,0 53,6 -33%
HHI 2500 TEU container ship P&O Nedlloyd 27,5 32,7 -16%
STX LPG carrier Qatar Shipping 30,0 40,1 -25%
 
These results confirm the findings from previous reports. Korean yards continue to sell ships at prices below Ml costs of production. As prices for ships from Korean yards have been lowered further in the reporting period, while costs of production have increased, the gap between contract price and normal price is widening. For the latest investigations this gap is 18% on average (not weighted), while it was 8% for the new cost investigations summarised in the fifth report.
 
The results also confirm that certain yards, such as HMD, operate more carefully than others. It should be noted that Samho (ex-Halla) and STX (ex-Daedong) were among those yards going into receivership after the Asian crisis of 1997/98.







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集計期間:成果物公開〜現在
更新日: 2020年5月23日

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