Part 1 - Ships and marine technology − Design principles for shipboard safety signs, markers and notices
This International Standard describes the design criteria for shipboard safety signs, markers and safety notices intended to communicate to passengers, crew and trained safety personnel on board ships or in any marine installation.
It may be applied equally to existing ships and marine installations to ships and marine installations under construction. This standard is for shipboard and marine safety signs and does not deal with graphical symbols to be used on plans or documentation. The intention is that wherever a safety sign is standardised then the graphical symbol for plans shall be identical. Safety signs for marking particular elements of fire safety design on board ship shall be designed according to the principles given in this standard.
The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this International Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
IMO MSC/Circ. 699 − Revised guidelines for passengers safe instructions
IMO Resolution A.760(18) − Symbols related to life-saving appliances and arrangements
ISO/TR 14564: 1995 − Shipbuilding and marine structures − Marking of escape routes
ISO 15370:2001 − Ships and marine technology − Low location lighting on passenger ships − Arrangement
ISO 17631:2001 − Ships and marine technology − Shipboard plans for fire protection, life-saving appliances and means of escape − Arrangement
ISO 3864-1:2001 − Safety colours and safety signs − Part 1: Safety signs in workplaces and public areas − Design principles
ISO 3864-2:2001 − Safety colours and safety signs − Overview of standardized safety signs
ISO 7001:1990/amd.1:1993 − Public information symbols
[ISO 6039:xxxx − xxxx
ISO 16069:xxxx − xxxx
ISO 4196:xxxx − xxxx
ISO 17398 :xxxx - xxxx]
ISO 9186:2000 − Procedures for the development and testing of graphical symbols
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS 1974), as amended in 1996.
For the purposes of this International Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 assembly station (also represented as muster station for crew)
designed meeting area situated internally or externally on board vessels where passengers and associated crew assemble in the event of an emergency to await instructions to prepare and move onto the designated embarkation station
(Note: MCS/CIRC.777 states that assembly station has the same meaning as muster station).
(on land, meeting areas are represented as assembly point. To ensure that the educational process of the meaning and understanding of safety signing remains consistent, assembly station should be referred to and used in favour of muster station)
shipboard manual which indicates the meaning and the position of the used safety signs, for use in training and maintenance
3.3 competent authority
an Administration whose flag the ship is entitled to fly, or an organization authorized by an Administration, to perform functions required by this standard
3.4 embarkation station
designated area on deck containing an assortment of life-saving evacuation craft and associated equipment for debarkation of the vessel
3.5 explanatory text
the meaning of the safety sign in English or in both English and the language of the ship's flag incorporated within the boundaries of the safety colour
3.6 fire plan
a shipboard manual containing the technical drawings concerning fire prevention and protection provisions and the layout and mechanical structure and fixings of the vessel which is used by fire fighting personnel in the event of an emergency
3.7 graphical symbol
visually perceptible figure with a particular meaning used to transmit information independently of language
3.8 mimic sign
sign which indicates the "you are here" position and the primary and secondary escape routes to the assembly stations (for passenger and visitor areas) and to the muster station (for crew areas)
3.9 photoluminescent (phosphorescent) safety sign
a safety sign that produces luminescence by the absorption of optical radiation and has luminance decay properties as given in ISO 15370:2000 and as described in ISO 17398 Safety colours and safety signs - Durability of safety signs
3.10 primary escape route
the preferred means of escape complying with SOLAS regulation II-2/126.96.36.199.1
3.11 shipboard safety sign
general safety message obtained by a combination of colour and geometric shape and which, by the addition of a graphical symbol and optionally explanatory or supplementary text and complimentary signs, gives a particular safety message
3.12 secondary escape route
an alternative means of escape to be used when the primary escape route is not available
3.13 supplementary sign
sign that is supplementary to a safety sign which provides additional clarification
(Note: A supplementary sign may comprise text or an arrow as in ISO 3864 Part 1)
4 Types of shipboard safety signs, markers and notices
Shipboard safety signing and associated systems and notices shall communicate the intended safety information to passengers, visitors, associated crew and specialized, trained personnel. The design requirements may differ as a function of the proven education of the intended audience, however, the guiding principle shall be that all such signs and notices shall use the basic design principles that are used for safety signs in all public areas and work places. Those design criteria specific to the application of safety signs on board ship are described according to the type of the safety sign and the specific context of use in the marine environment. The types of safety sign to be used as shipboard safety signs are described in sections 4.0.1. to 4.0.9. Designers of shipboard safety signs shall assign safety signs according to the appropriate type, context of use and the safety message as follows.
4.0.1 Location of fire fighting equipment − Fire fighting equipment safety sign
Fire fighting equipment shall be easily visible and clearly identifiable to passengers, associated crew and specialized personnel. Fire fighting equipment safety signs are used to indicate the exact location of the equipment, the type of equipment and any instructions for its effective and safe use. Fire fighting equipment shall mean all those provisions for prevention, containment, communication and suppression.
4.0.2 Location of first aid facilities and portable safety equipment − emergency equipment signs
First aid facilities and portable equipment shall be easily visible and clearly identifiable to passengers, associated crew and specialized personnel. Emergency equipment safety signs are used to indicate the exact location of the equipment, the type of equipment and any instructions for its use. Emergency equipment shall mean all provisions for the care and any first aid provisions made for passengers and crew in an emergency.
4.0.3 Location of life saving equipment − life saving appliance safety sign
The location and number of life saving appliances shall be easily visible to passengers, associated crew and specialized personnel. Life saving equipment safety signs are used to indicate the exact location or storage of the equipment, the type of equipment, the number and any instructions for its correct use. Life saving appliances shall mean all provisions made for the protection of life at sea and during an emergency disembarkation.
4.0.4 Escape route identification − means of escape safety signs
A route forming part of the means of escape from any part of the vessel which allows passengers, associated crew and specialized personnel to navigate their way to the designated assembly station and subsequently to an embarkation station and to survival craft. Means of escape safety signs are used to indicate location within the ship and to provide directional guidance continuously from anywhere within the ship to a designated assembly station and subsequently under guidance to exits and embarkation stations and survival craft.
4.0.5 Prohibitive actions − prohibition safety signs
To restrict and prohibit the movement and actions of passengers, crew and non-specialized personnel.
4.0.6 Identification of hazards and warning notices − warning safety signs
To warn passengers and non-specialized personnel of the hazards and risks that exist on board vessel and to provide information to specialized personnel during intervention.
4.0.7 Mandatory notices and instructions − mandatory safety signs
To instruct passengers, associated crew and specialized personnel of the specific course of action that has to be followed.
4.0.8 Mimic signs and safety instructions − general safety notices
To instruct passengers, associated crew and specialized personnel of their exact location and to provide specific safety instructions in the case of an emergency.
4.0.9 Fire control notices (symbols) & trained personnel instructions − fire & emergency control notices
To provide specific information to trained personnel and intervention forces on the specialized fire protection elements on board ship and fire and emergency provisions made available for effective life saving and intervention.
4.0.10 Shipboard safety provisions