Ships and marine technology ― Shipboard safety signs ― Part 1: Design principles
This International Standard describes the design principles for shipboard safety signs intended to communicate safety information to passengers, crew and trained safety personnel on board ships.
This standard is for shipboard safety signs only, and does not address graphical symbols to be used on plans or documentation.
The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this International Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this international Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
IMO MSC/Circ. 699 − Revised guidelines for passengers safety instructions
IMO Resolution A.760(18) − Symbols related to life-saving appliances and arrangements, as amended through MSC. 82(70)
ISO 3864-1:2001 − Safety colours and safety signs − Part 1: Safety signs in workplaces and public areas − Design principles
ISO 7010 − Safety colours and safety signs − Overview of standardized safety signs
ISO 9186:2000 Procedures for the development and testing of graphical symbols
ISO 15370:2001 − Ships and marine technology − Low location lighting on passenger ships - Arrangement
ISO 17631:2001 − Ships and marine technology − Shipboard plans for fire protection, life-saving appliances and means of escape − Arrangement
ISO 17898 :xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS 1974), as amended in 2000.
For the purposes of this International Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
the meaning of the safety sign in English or in both English and the language of the ship's flag incorporated within the boundaries of the safety colour
fire control plan
a shipboard manual containing the technical drawings concerning fire prevention and protection provisions and the layout and mechanical structure and fixings of the vessel which is used by fire fighting personnel in the event of an emergency
visually perceptible figure with a particular meaning used to transmit information independently of language
sign which indicates the "you are here" and the primary and secondary escape routes to the assembly stations (for passenger and visitor areas) and to the muster station (for crew areas)
photoluminescent (phosphorescent) safety sign
a safety sign that produces luminescence by the absorption of optical radiation and has luminance decay properties as given in ISO 15370:2000 and as described in ISO 17398 Safety colours and safety signs - Durability of safety signs
shipboard safety sign
general safety message obtained by a combination of colour and geometric shape and which, by the addition of a graphical symbol and optionally explanatory or supplementary text and complimentary signs, gives a particular safety message
sign that is supplementary to a safety sign which provides additional clarification
an optional standard element of a symbol which identifies the general category of the symbol, such as flames for a fire safety provision or a cross for a first aid provision]
4 Types of shipboard safety signs, markers and notices
Shipboard safety signing and associated systems and notices shall communicate the intended safety information to passengers, visitors, associated crew and specialized, trained personnel. The design requirements may differ as a function of the proven education of the intended audience, however, the guiding principle shall be that all such signs and notices shall use the basic design principles that are used for safety signs in all public areas and work places. Those design criteria specific to the application of safety signs on board ship are described according to the type of the safety sign and the specific context of use in the marine environment. The types of safety sign to be used as shipboard safety signs are described in sections 4.1.1 to 4.1.9. Designers of shipboard safety signs shall assign safety signs according to the appropriate type, context of use and the safety message. Safety signs shall be easily visible and clearly identifiable.
4.1.1 Location of fire fighting equipment - Fire fighting equipment safety sign (SFE)
Fire fighting equipment safety signs are used to indicate the exact location of the equipment, the type of equipment and any instructions for its effective and safe use. Fire fighting equipment is all provisions for prevention, containment, communication and suppression of shipboard fire.
4.1.2 Location of first aid facilities and portable safety equipment - emergency equipment signs (SEE)
Emergency equipment safety signs are used to indicate the exact location of first aid facilities and portable safety equipment, the type(s) of equipment, and any instructions for its use. Emergency equipment is all provisions for the care and any first aid provisions made for passengers and crew in an emergency.
4.1.3 Location of life saving equipment - life saving appliance safety sign (SLS)
Life saving appliance safety signs are used to indicate the exact location or storage of the equipment, the type of equipment, the number and any instructions for its correct use. Life saving appliances include personal and primary (i.e., survival craft and rescue boats) appliances.
4.1.4 Escape route identification - means of escape safety signs (SEM)
Means of escape safety signs are used to indicate location within the ship and to provide directional guidance continuously from anywhere within the ship to a designated assembly station and subsequently under guidance to exits and embarkation stations and survival craft.
4.1.5 Prohibitive actions - prohibition safety signs (SSP)
Prohibition safety signs are used to restrict and prohibit the movement and actions of passengers, crew and non-specialized personnel.
4.1.6 Identification of hazards and warning notices - warning safety signs (SSW)
Warning safety sins are used to warn passengers and non-specialized personnel of the hazards and risks that exist on board the ship and to provide information to specialized personnel during intervention.
4.1.7 Mandatory notices and instructions - mandatory safety signs (SSM)
Mandatory safety signs are used to instruct passengers, associated crew and specialized personnel of the specific course of action to be followed.
4.1.8 Mimic signs and safety instructions - general safety notices (SSN)
General safety notices and mimic signs are used to instruct passengers associated crew and specialized personnel of their exact location and to provide specific safety instructions in the case of an emergency.
4.1.9 Fire control notices (symbols) and trained personnel instructions - fire and emergency control notices (SFCN)
Fire and emergency control notices are used to provide specific information to trained personnel and intervention forces on the specialized fire protection elements on board ship and fire and emergency provisions made available for effective life saving and intervention.