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国際海事情報シリーズ77 米国における次世代水上交通システム構築に関する調査

 事業名 造船関連海外情報収集及び海外業務協力事業
 団体名 シップ・アンド・オーシャン財団  


Corps Dredging Facts
・Corps and contractor owned dredges removed 268.9 million cubic yards (mcy) of material from Corps constructed and maintained channels in FY 2001 at a cost of $867.7 million. This was a 6% reduction in cubic yards and a 5.6% increase in cost from FY 2000.
・In FY 2001, maintenance dredging accounted for almost 81% of the quantity dredged and 64% of the cost. The average cost/cy for maintenance dredging was $2.56 while the average cost/cy for new work dredging was $6.11.
・Almost 91% ($788.4 million) of all FY 2001 Corps dredging dollars were paid to private dredging contractors who removed 85% (228.6 mcy) of the material dredged.
・In FY 2001, 81 private dredging companies submitted a total of 398 bids for 169 contracts. Awards were made to 48 different companies, 18 large and 30 small businesses. Twenty-one companies (44%) won only 1 contract award, 22 (46%) won between 2 and 6 contracts, and five companies (10%) won more than 10 contracts.
・The cutterhead pipeline dredge was the most widely used dredge in FY 2001 receiving 54% of the contracts, removing 60% of the contracted quantity and earning 56% of the contract dollars. While mechanical and hopper dredges received an almost equal number of contracts (35 and 32 respectively) the hopper dredges removed 27.6% of the quantity and earned 15.1% of the contract dollars. Mechanical dredges removed 5.4% of the quantity earning 13.57% of the contract dollars. The remaining dredging (7%) was performed by a combination of more than one type of dredge.
・The Districts that awarded the most contract dollars in FY 2001 were Galveston ($139.9m) and Wilmington ($108.3m) with Galveston and New Orleans dredging the most cubic yards, 45.6 mcy and 75.4 mcy, respectively.
 
Geographic Distribution of U.S. Waterway Facilities1
  Atlantic Gulf Pacific
Deep Shallow Deep Shallow Deep Shallow
Commercial Facilities
Cargo
Service
Unused
Lock Sites2
Lock Chambers2
1,489
810
498
181
0
0
607
225
288
94
14
14
1,427
828
496
103
1
1
820
338
387
95
44
44
1,353
653
624
76
2
3
371
161
177
33
9
13
  Great Lakes Inland Total
Deep Shallow Shallow Deep Shallow All
Commercial Facilities
Cargo
Service
Unused
Lock Sites2
Lock Chambers2
600
378
170
52
3
6
154
78
62
14
20
20
2,367
1,676
455
236
137
174
4,869
2,669
1,788
412
6
10
4,319
2,478
1,369
472
224
265
9,188
5,147
3,157
884
230
275
1. Waterways greater than 12 feet (except for the 14-15 foot portions of the Columbia and Snake rivers) are classified as deep draft.
2. Locks, including 5 control structures, owned and/or operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 2002.
 
Facts about Locks and Vessels
・The Corps owned or operated 275 lock chambers at 230 sites in 2001, but only 195 sites with 240 chambers received funding.
・Many of the 230 look sites serving navigation include multi-purpose dams. For example, 46 lock-associated dams currently produce hydropower.
・In year 2002, 53% of all lock chambers, or 145 chambers, will have exceeded their 50-year design lives.
・The oldest operating locks in the U.S. are Kentucky River locks 1 and 2, built in 1839.
・The Corps lifts over 1.2 miles: The combined lift of all lock chambers owned and/or operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is 6,498 feet.
・Oregon's John Day Lock has the highest lift of any U.S. lock at 110 feet. This compares to the collective 404 foot lift of all 29 locks on the upper Mississippi River.
・The nation's busiest lock is in Illinois, the Ohio River Lock 52 which moved 96 million tons in 2001.
・Two lock sites serving the greatest number of pleasure craft in 2001 were: Hiram M. Chittenden Locks, Seattle, WA which passed 48,646 vessels through two chambers; and Chicago Lock, Chicago, IL which moved 35,961 vessels through one chamber.
・Domestic vessel operating companies operating vessels on U.S. waterways increased 0.5% from 2000 to 2001 from 2,585 to 2,598 companies.
 
Leading U.S. Ports in 2001
(Millions of Short Tons and Percent Change from 2000)
Rank Type2 Port Domestic Foreign Total1
Tons % Tons % Tons %
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
C
C
C
C
C
C
I
C
C
C
C
I
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
I
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
L
I
C
C
I
C
L
C
C
L
L
L
L
South Louisiana, LA, Port of
Houston, TX
New York, NY and NJ
New Orleans, LA
Beaumont, TX
Corpus Christi, TX
Huntington, WV, OH, KY
Long Beach, CA
Texas City, TX
Baton Rouge, LA
Plaquemines, LA, Port of
Pittsburgh, PA
Lake Charles, LA
Los Angeles, CA
Valdez, AK
Mobile, AL
Philadelphia, PA
Tampa, FL
Baltimore, MD
Duluth-Superior, MN and WI
Norfolk Harbor, VA
St. Louis, MO and IL
Portland, OR
Freeport, TX
Pascagoula, MS
Portland, ME
Charleston, SC
PortArthur, TX
Chicago, IL
Port Everglades, FL
Paulsboro, NJ
Richmond, CA
Boston, MA
Seattle, WA
Tacoma, WA
Savannah, GA
Marcus Hook, PA
Jacksonville, FL
Detroit, MI
Memphis, TN
Anacortes, WA
Honolulu, HI
Cincinnati, OH
Newport News, VA
Indiana Harbor, IN
San Juan, PR
Oakland, CA
Two Harbors, MN
Cleveland, OH
Ashtabula, OH
Toledo, OH
116.9
64.5
70.2
35.3
17.1
23.7
76.7
16.1
18.1
40.8
37.3
53.0
20.9
6.4
51.0
20.1
13.4
28.3
16.7
26.5
10.3
34.4
14.3
5.2
11.1
2.0
6.1
7.7
19.3
12.3
8.3
11.2
8.2
5.6
8.1
2.5
10.9
8.9
12.3
16.9
14.8
11.8
14.1
7.2
12.8
7.6
1.6
11.9
9.1
5.1
4.5
-1.9
2.9
-2.8
-7.8
6.9
-1.4
-.3
-7.6
-10.8
-4.1
-3.9
-1.7
2.2
6.0
9.8
-16.9
-4.5
-10.5
15.0
-5.8
-1.6
3.3
-12.4
-6.3
5.8
-12.6
35.2
-9.5
-3.7
-7.5
-9.2
23.5
-2.8
-35.5
-1.5
-10.1
22.6
-12.9
2.3
-7.5
-7.4
7.6
-1.7
.3
-17.2
-2.4
-17.3
-9.1
-23.4
-.6
-23.7
95.7
120.6
67.3
50.3
62.0
53.9
0.0
51.6
44.1
20.7
23.4
0.0
31.9
45.0
0.0
28.0
32.9
17.4
25.4
13.3
27.0
0.0
17.0
24.9
18.5
26.4
17.1
15.1
2.6
9.6
12.9
10.0
12.4
14.9
12.4
16.9
82
8.9
4.7
0.0
2.0
4.8
0.0
6.7
0.7
5.2
10.7
0.0
2.7
5.8
6.0
-1.1
-2.7
3.6
-2.7
1.9
-5.9
0
-1.7
16.8
-9.0
12.3
0
-1.9
6.9
-99.8
-4.9
23.1
17.9
-3.6
-1.7
-15.2
0
-5.3
6.5
2.1
.0
3.5
25.6
-31.5
4.4
-18.2
-2.9
.5
-3.3
-11.7
.9
-33.0
-6.1
-10.9
0
-2.7
5.1
0
.5
9.5
-14.0
4.2
0
10.4
-18.9
-18.7
212.6
185.1
137.5
85.6
79.1
77.6
76.7
67.6
62.3
61.4
60.7
53.0
52.8
51.4
51.0
48.1
46.4
45.8
42.1
39.8
37.3
34.4
31.3
30.1
29.5
28.5
23.3
22.8
22.0
21.9
21.3
21.2
20.6
20.5
20.5
19.4
19.1
17.8
17.0
16.9
16.8
16.6
14.1
13.9
13.6
12.8
12.3
11.9
11.9
10.9
10.5
-1.6
-0.8
.2
-4.9
2.9
-4.6
-.3
-3.2
7.2
-5.8
1.7
-1.7
-.3
6.8
6.0
-10.3
13.6
-1.4
3.0
-4.5
-11.9
3.3
-8.7
4.0
3.5
-1.1
10.3
11.1
-8.2
-2.6
-14.9
9.5
-.8
-14.9
-7.9
-.6
-9.7
-9.6
-1.8
-7.5
-6.9
6.8
-1.7
.4
-16.1
-7.5
.9
-9.1
-17.6
-11.3
-20.9
Continued on the next panel
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
L
C
L
I
C
C
C
L
L
C
C
L
L
L
C
C
L
C
C
C
L
C
C
C
I
L
I
C
I
L
C
C
C
L
I
C
C
L
C
C
C
C
C
L
C
L
L
C
C
Conneaut, OH
New Haven, CT
Presque Isle, MI
Louisville, KY
Matagorda Ship Channel, TX
Galveston, TX
Providence, RI
Gary, IN
Burns Waterway Harbor, IN
New Castle, DE
Miami, FL
Calcite, MI
Stoneport, MI
Lorain, OH
Albany, NY
Vancouver, WA
Escanaba, MI
Kalama, WA
Wilmington, DE
Nikishka, AK
Port Inland, MI
Wilmington, NC
Barbers Point, Oahu, HI
Camden-Gloucester, NJ
Nashville, TN
St. Clair, MI
Vicksburg, MS
Victoria, TX
St. Paul, MN
Sandusky, OH
Bridgeport, CT
Portsmouth, NH
Port Canaveral, FL
Silver Bay, MN
Kansas City, MO
Brownsville, TX
Chester, PA
Marine City, MI
Port Manatee, FL
Kahului, Maui, HI
Longview, WA
Palm Beach, FL
Fall River, MA
Milwaukee, WI
Penn Manor, PA
Port Dolomite, MI
Alpena, MI
Ponce, PR
Morehead City, NC
3.8
6.8
7.6
9.1
2.6
5.1
5.7
8.5
6.9
5.2
1.1
7.3
7.9
7.6
5.6
2.3
6.9
1.2
1.3
3.3
5.2
3.0
3.9
2.5
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
1.5
3.4
0.6
1.5
4.3
4.3
1.8
0.3
3.9
1.4
3.5
0.5
2.2
2.8
1.7
0.1
2.9
3.1
0.1
1.1
-30.6
-1.8
-7.0
-.9
-24.4
41.1
1.7
-9.5
-5.3
-4.3
-22.0
2.2
4.6
-45.6
4.3
-31.5
-19.7
10.7
16.5
64.0
4.1
-18.6
11.6
3.6
7.1
-13.2
-4.7
-7.3
-11.2
100.9
3.2
-30.4
6.2
-20.0
11.9
29.8
-3.6
.4
-22.7
1.8
-49.7
30.1
2.3
-25.3
-18.0
-3.0
-3.2
-41.2
-27.6
6.6
3.1
1.8
0.0
6.5
3.9
3.3
0.4
1.9
3.4
7.4
1.1
0.2
0.3
1.7
4.8
0.0
5.4
5.1
3.0
1.1
3.2
2.2
2.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.2
1.2
3.9
2.9
0.0
0.0
2.3
3.7
0.0
2.4
0.2
3.1
1.3
0.6
1.6
3.2
0.4
0.1
3.1
2.1
31.0
-16.3
-27.4
0
-9.0
-41.9
1.9
29.2
-10.9
8.2
3.0
-23.0
-33.0
9.4
114.1
9.7
0
15.6
26.1
-1.5
108.9
5.5
-33.2
-4.8
0
-100.0
0
0
0
9.1
22.3
6.5
1.5
-100.0
0
22.3
104.4
-85.6
-2.6
0
-1.7
4.1
-11.6
34.0
-5.4
79.4
-18.7
49.6
-28.2
10.5
9.9
9.5
9.1
9.1
9.0
9.0
8.9
8.7
8.6
8.5
8.3
8.1
7.9
7.3
7.0
7.0
6.6
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.2
6.1
5.1
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.1
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.1
-1.1
-6.9
-11.8
-.9
-13.9
-13.1
1.8
-8.3
-6.5
.3
-1.1
-1.9
3.2
-44.5
18.6
-8.0
-19.3
14.7
24.1
24.7
14.2
-7.6
-10.3
-.9
7.1
-13.2
-4.7
-7.3
-11.2
27.6
7.7
-.4
3.1
-20.2
11.9
25.5
86.8
-2.3
-11.2
6.3
-12.7
19.3
-.6
-4.7
-5.8
2.8
-4.0
42.6
-28.0
1. Total may not equal column sum due to rounding.
2. Type code depicts the location of the port as Coastal (C), Great Lakes (L), or Inland (I).
 
Top 20 U.S. Ports Handling
Foreign Waterborne In-transits1 in 2001
(Thousands of Short Tons and Percent of Total Foreign Traffic)
Rank Port In-transits % Total Foreign Total Foreign
Inbound Outbound Total

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Total In-transits
Portland, ME
New York, NY and NJ
Long Beach, CA
Brownsville, TX
Houston, TX
Miami, FL
Los Angeles, CA
South Louisiana, LA, Port of
Tacoma, WA
Charleston, SC
Seattle, WA
Port Everglades, FL
Philadelphia, PA
New Orleans, LA
Portland, OR
Savannah, GA
Baltimore, MD
Ponce, PR
Wilmington, DE
Plaquemines, LA, Port of
33,888.5
24,859.2
2,224.0
908.2
874.2
599.8
467.0
578.4
144.9
276.2
350.6
278.6
239.5
242.5
199.9
58.4
153.6
212.3
195.4
59.2
7.7
3,548.9
0.0
524.9
208.4
0.0
232.8
316.2
110.3
472.5
328.8
46.2
113.5
114.0
30.3
66.8
188.7
87.6
14.1
0.3
106.3
149.0
37,437.4
24,859.2
2,748.9
1,116.6
874.2
832.5
783.1
688.7
617.4
605.0
396.7
392.1
353.5
272.8
266.7
247.1
241.2
226.4
195.6
165.5
156.7
2.8
94.0
4.1
2.2
38.0
0.7
10.6
1.5
0.6
4.9
2.3
2.6
3.7
0.8
0.5
1.5
1.4
0.9
4.6
3.2
0.7
1,344,086.2
26,449.2
67,266.5
51,561.1
2,299.3
125,288.0
7,412.9
44,965.6
95,680.8
12,376.1
17,127.3
14,920.7
9,618.0
32,942.8
50,296.5
17,011.8
16,931.1
25,350.3
4,223.1
5,133.7
23,354.1
1. Foreign Waterborne In-transits: Commerce shipped in-bond through the United States from one foreign country to another. Inbound enters U.S. via vessel and outbound exits via vessel.
 
Waterborne Commerce Facts
・In-transit (commerce with a foreign origin and a foreign destination) waterborne commerce of 37.4 million short tons used 76 different U.S. ports in 2001.
・Over 94% and 38% of all foreign traffic in 2001 for Portland, ME, and Brownsville, TX, respectively, were in-transit.
・Crude petroleum comprised 59.1% of U.S. waterborne in-transits, while food and farm products ranked second with 11.6%, based on weight in 2001.
・The top five U.S. ports ranked by dollar value of foreign traffic for calendar year 2001 were: Los Angeles, CA; Long Beach, CA; New York/New Jersey, NY and NJ; Houston, TX; and Charleston, SC.
・In 2001, 7.4% of all U.S. waterborne commerce by weight was containerized (1.9% of domestic and 11.8% of foreign).
・The Consolidated Port of Hampton Roads exported the largest volume of coal in the U.S., 17.6 million short tons in 2001, down 19.0% from 2000.
・The St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation reported 30.3 million metric tons (33.4 million short tons) moving on the St. Lawrence Seaway in 2001, a 15% decrease from 2000.
・Inland waterways carry massive amounts of bulk freight, about 15 percent of the nation's freight by volume.
・A fully loaded barge with 1500 tons is the equivalent of taking 58 trucks off the highways. So the 620 million tons of cargo on inland and intracoastal waterways is the equivalent of taking 24 million trucks off U.S. highways.
 
Ports and Waterways Facts
・The 12,000 miles of inland and intracoastal waterways, like highways, operate as a system, and much of the commerce moves on multiple segments. They serve as connecting arteries, much like neighborhood streets help people reach interstate highways.
 
・Waterways are operated by the Corps as multi-purpose, multi-objective projects. They not only serve commercial navigation, but in many cases also provide hydropower, flood protection, municipal water supply, agricultural irrigation, recreation, arid regional development.
 
・Forty-one states, 16 state capitals and all states east of the Mississippi River are served by commercially navigable waterways.
 
・Louisiana has over 1000 port facilities (Texas has an equal number) on 2000 miles of channels maintained by the Corps.
 
・Nearly 500 U.S. grain transfer facilities are served by water transportation with the largest number, over 140 facilities, located on the Upper Mississippi River and the Illinois Waterway.
 
・The state of Kentucky has the longest shoreline along any one inland waterway, 664 miles on the Ohio River.
 
・The state of Michigan has deep draft port facilities on 4 Great Lakes. Pennsylvania and New York have ports along both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Coast.
 
・The port areas of New York/New Jersey, Seattle and San Francisco have the largest number of ferry passengers in the U.S.
 
・The deep-water port located furthest from the sea is Baton Rouge, LA at miles 168 to 255 above the Head of Passes on the Mississippi River.
 
・On the west coast over 90 container cranes, 20 having an outboard reach in excess of 160 feet, are located at the two ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles. Another 44 container cranes, 11 having an outboard reach in excess of 160 feet, are at the two ports of Seattle and Tacoma.
 
・The Port of New York/New Jersey operates the greatest number of container cranes, 50, on the east coast.
 
U.S. Flag Vessels as of December 31, 20011
Vessel Type Age2
Number <=5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 >25
Vessel (total)3
Self-Propelled (total)
Dry Cargo
Tanker
Pushboat
Tugboat
Passenger4
Offshore Supply
41,588
8,546
966
120
2,343
2,807
733
1,573
8,337
884
114
12
155
214
84
305
3,641
438
76
3
82
85
81
111
2,596
468
132
5
51
74
138
68
5,916
1,346
139
32
338
354
110
372
8,614
1,683
154
28
498
474
77
452
12,306
3,710
347
40
1,217
1,601
240
262
 
Barge (total)
Dry Covered
Dry Open
Lash/Seabee
Deck
Other Dry Cargo5
Single Hull Tank
Double Hull Tank
Other Tank6
33,042
13,817
8,717
1,184
5,051
151
695
2,717
710
7,453
3,753
2,098
0
966
13
20
429
174
3,203
1,297
1,102
126
280
10
20
246
22
2,128
193
1,160
260
422
8
10
67
8
4,570
2,245
1,454
4
510
28
72
208
49
6,931
3,751
1,492
111
754
18
115
570
120
8,596
2,576
1,408
683
1,983
62
458
1,091
335
1. Survey date as of December 31, 2001 includes updates through December 5, 2002.
2. Age (in years) is based upon the year the vessel was built or rebuilt, using calendar year 2001 as the base year.
3. Total is greater than sum because of 4 unclassified vessels or those of unknown age; figures include vessels available for operation.
4. Includes passenger, excursion/sightseeing.
5. Includes dry cargo barges that may be open or covered, railroad car, pontoon, RO-RO, container, or convertible.
6. Includes tank barges that may be double sided only or double bottom only.
 
Trust Fund Facts
・The Inland Waterway Trust Fund earned $107.7 million FY 2002. This included $95.3 million paid by the barge and towing industry and $12.4 million interest. The Fund disbursed $104.5 million for construction projects. The Trust Fund balance is $412.6 million.
 
・The FY 2002 Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund equity grew 2.7% from FY 2001 to $1.87 billion. Total receipts fell by 12.3% to $710.8 million. The taxes from domestic commerce of $27.8 million dropped 29.4% over the previous year. The taxes collected from imports fell 6.6% to $544.7 million. All transfers totaled $656.2 million (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers received $639.9 million, a decrease from FY 2001's $643.6 million).
 
For Further Information
This fact card provides an overview of information about U.S. ports and waterways for the latest complete statistical year. Statistics are produced by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USAGE) Navigation Data Center (NDC). Domestic data are collected by NDC. U.S. foreign tonnage and vessel movements are derived from data provided by Port Import Export Reporting Service, U.S. Customs Service, U.S. Bureau of the Census, and Statistics Canada. Contact one of the following sites for information on NDC's products and services:
 
Web Site: Access for up-to-date statistics:
 
 
NDC: Port, waterways, lock and dock infrastructure data; lock performance; dredging statistics; and water transportation summary materials.
 
Navigation Data Center
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
7701 Telegraph Road
Alexandria, VA 22315-3868
703-428-9061, Fax: 703-428-6047
E-mail: CEIWR-NDC.WEBMASTER@usace.army.mil
 
Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center: Commercial movements of foreign and domestic cargo and vessels; and U.S. vessel and vessel operator statistics.
 
Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, USACE
P.O. Box 61280
New Orleans, LA 70161-1280
504-862-1404, 504-862-1424, Fax: 504-862-1423
E-mail: CEIWR-NDCWCSC.WEBMASTER@usace.army.mil
 
User feedback is essential for USACE to meet current needs.
Provide comments to Director, Navigation Data Center,
7701 Telegraph Road, Alexandria, VA 22315-3868,
Fax: 703-428-6047, or e-mail: CEIWR-NDC.WEBMASTER@usace.army.mil







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